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Mesothelioma Stages The four stages of mesothelioma describe development of tumors from stage 1, where cancer cells are in one place, to stage 4, where cancer cells have spread throughout chest or abdominal cavity. Prognosis, survival rates and life expectancy decrease as stage number increases. What Are the Stages of Mesothelioma? The four stages of mesothelioma begin with stage 1, which is when the tumor has not spread outside of the mesothelial lining. Stage 2 follows with cancer cells spreading to nearby organs and lymph nodes. At stage 3, cancer cells spread to more distant organs. Finally, at stage 4, cancer cells extend beyond chest or abdominal cavity. Cancer staging is a key part of mesothelioma diagnosis and treatment. Doctors use cancer stage as a guideline when deciding whether a patient is likely to benefit from treatments such as surgery. The goal of treatment in all mesothelioma stages is to improve quality of life and extend survival. Because symptoms don’t develop until later mesothelioma stages, most patients are not diagnosed until stages 3 or 4. The cancer’s cell type and patient’s overall health also affect treatment options. The most common treatment for malignant mesothelioma is chemotherapy. Some patients are diagnosed early enough to qualify for surgery. Surgical procedures are often combined with chemotherapy and radiation to kill more cancer cells. Meanwhile, clinical trials continue testing new treatments such as immunotherapy. Stages of Mesothelioma The stages of peritoneal and pleural mesothelioma are based upon the size of tumors and how far they have spread. The location and size of tumors has a direct impact on the symptoms a person may feel. Tumor size and location also determines whether a person can undergo surgery. Unfortunately, surgery is no longer an option when tumors become too big or spread too far. People often wonder if they can determine their stage based on their symptoms. Unfortunately, the symptoms of mesothelioma are not strongly correlated with the stages. One of the reasons mesothelioma tends to be diagnosed in a late stage is the fact that early stages of mesothelioma cause no symptoms. The cancer is small in early stages and does not affect the body the way larger, late-stage tumors do.

The Chinese government has officially responded to a report that it had bugged the African Union (A.U.) headquarters – a facility it built for the continental bloc. It’s ambassador to the A.U. rubbished the report carried by French newspaper Le Monde describing it as ‘sensational’ and ‘preposterous.’ Kuang Weilin told reporters in Addis Ababa that it was difficult to grasp what was contained in the Le Monde report. “I really question its intention. displayAdvert("mpu_3") I wish we had built this building ourselves. “I think it will undermine and send a very negative image to people. I think it is not good for the image of the newspaper itself. Certainly, it will create problems for China – Africa relations,” he added. What did the Le Monde Afrique investigation reveal In a report published over the weekend as leaders gathered for the 30th Heads of States summit in Addis, Le Monde claimed that data from A.U. servers were transferred to servers in Shanghai at odd times of the day. “In January 2017, the AU’s technical staff discovered that its servers were strangely active with a peak in data transfer between midnight and 2 am when it’s offices were empty
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